Thimphu, the capital city of Bhutan is tagged as a noteworthy capital city in the world. Why?? Well because of its population which is below 1,00,000 yet fully profused with restaurants, internet cafes, nightclubs and shopping centers,yet retaining its’ cultural identity and values amongst the signs of modernization. Another meddlesome fact about this place which grabs attention is that it is “the only” capital city in the world that does not use traffic lights. Instead a few major intersections have policemen standing in serpentine booths which are handsomely decorated, directing traffic with exaggerated hand motions.Thimphu being one of the few towns in Bhutan which is equipped with ATM banking facilities and is a good place to merchandise some currency on.
Because of its remoteness not much is known about its history. Reconnaissance suggests presence of man in this region since 2000 BC, but history takes it back to 2nd century AD.Buddhism was introduced as a supreme religion and way of life in Bhutan in 8th century by Monk Padmasambhava, an Indian Buddhist Monk (Guru Rimpoche) who came to Bhutan and established many monasteries it is then when buddhism started in Bhutan. It is said that the Drukpa sub - sect of Kagyud school of Mahayan Buddhism was entrenched as orthodoxy by scholar Padmalingpa in the 15th-16th century. The rise of Drukpa sect also led to establishment of the theocracy of Druk - yul by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in 1616. Shabdrung is considered as the person who unified the country and constructed most of the remarkable temple - fortresses known as dzongs. He also started the dual system of spiritual and temporal leaders that was ended by Sir Ugyen Wangchuk in the late 19th century. Sir Ugyen Wangchuk became the first hereditary king of the country and its first allusion of to novelty. Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, father of the present king, is considered as the "father of modern Bhutan" since preponderance of the developments that led the country towards modernity started during his reign. The present king Jigme Singye Wangchuck,the fourth monarch in 1974. Saw the entry of foreign media for the first time in the country during his coronation ceremony.